ONLINE PROJECT RESOURCE

ECONOMICS

ACCOUNTANCY

BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION

BANKING & FINANCE

POLITICAL SCIENCE

MARKETING

SOCIOLOGY

INSURANCE

SECRETARIAL STUDIES

INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS & PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT

MANAGEMENT SCIENCE EDUCATION

 

 

MSc/MBA THESES

 

 

USEFUL RESOURCE

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

YOU ARE EXPECTED TO USE THIS PROJECT AS A GUIDE; HOWEVER, IF YOU WISH TO USE IT WHOLLY, YOU WILL BE RESPONSIBLE FOR ANY ADJUSTMENT YOUR SUPERVISOR MAY REQUIRE

IT WILL BE SENT TO YOUR E-MAIL AFTER PAYMENT SAME DAY

 

PROJECT TOPIC  : THE RELEVANCE OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY (IT) TO THE MANAGEMENT OF SMALL AND MEDIUM SCALE ENTERPRISES IN NIGERIA (CASE STUDY OF CARDCENTRE NIGERIA LIMITED)

PROJECT PROPOSAL

BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY
The role of Information Technology (IT) in organisational business processes has expanded greatly (Gottschalk, 2002). The first generations of computer technology were primarily used for record keeping and monitoring performance. Advances leading to online processing made it possible to capture and use information virtually from the moment it was generated. Manual record keeping that was previously done has been automated by capturing information as a by-product of doing work rather than as a separate clerical step. Computerised systems can now help monitor the work as it is being done, thereby warning workers about obvious or likely errors before those errors surge to create additional problems. Many previously manual processes have been automated completely. In some cases this eliminated jobs; in other cases it allowed people who previously performed manual steps to wok more like programmers specifying what machines should do.

In addition to affecting the nature of work and the workplace, use of technology has also led to changes in the way firms compete Qawasmeh and Bataineh (2010). Information Technology has helped firms improve their internal operations (Amudo and Inanga, 2009), thereby reducing internal costs and accelerating product development. Lower internal costs make profits possible even at lower selling prices. The sooner a product is on the market, the sooner it can generate profits. Quicker time to market is especially important for technology products in which prices drop rapidly as soon as many similar products become available. Information Technology also supports sales and marketing processes in many ways. It provides salespeople better information about prospective customers; it helps salespeople identify and demonstrate the right product choices; it helps companies calculate individualised prices based on the needs and resources of specific customers. Information Technology applications also make the actual purchase transactions simpler and faster.

The role of Information Technology does not end once the customer has purchased the product. Information Technology can support customer service activities by keeping track of both general information about each customer and information related to specific customer interactions, such as repairs or warranty claims.

STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
There is growing recognition of the important role small and medium enterprises (SMEs) play in economic development. They are often described as efficient and prolific job creators, the seeds of big businesses and the fuel of national economic engines (Udechukwu, 2003; Olorunshola, 2003).
Despite the potential role of Small and Medium Scale Enterprises (SMEs) to accelerated growth and job creation in developing countries, their development is hampered by a number of factors. One of these factors among others is access to Information Technology (IT). SMEs often have difficulties in gaining access to appropriate technologies and information on available techniques. Despite the numerous institutions providing training and advisory services, there is still technology-gap in the SME sector as a whole. This is because most small and medium scale entrepreneurs cannot afford the high cost of computer hardware and software.

The inaccessibility to appropriate Information Technology places significant constraints on SME development. Even though SMEs tend to attract motivated managers, they can hardly compete with larger firms. In most cases, SMEs utilize foreign technology with a scarce technical support. The lack of support services or their relatively higher cost can hamper SMEs’ efforts to improve their management, because consulting firms are often not equipped with appropriate cost-effective management solutions for SMEs. They usually acquire foreign licenses, because local patents are difficult to obtain.

OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY
The broad objective of this study is to examine the relevance of Information Technology to the management of Small and Medium Scale Enterprises (SMEs) in Nigeria. The specific objectives of the study are as follows:
1. to evaluate the role of Information Technology in the activities and operations of Small and Medium Scale Enterprises (SMEs);
2. to appraise the impact of Information Technology on the managerial practice of SMEs;
3. to investigate the effects of Information Technology on the performance of SMEs.

RESEARCH QUESTIONS
According to the objectives stated above, the research questions that would be examined in the course of the study are as follows:
1. What role does Information Technology play in the activities and operations of Small and Medium Scale Enterprises (SMEs)?
2. How has Information Technology impacted on the managerial practice of SMEs?
3. How has the adoption of Information Technology affected the performance of SMEs?

RESEARCH HYPOTHESES
Based on the research questions stated above, the hypotheses to be tested in the course of this research are stated below:
HYPOTHESIS (1)
H0 - That Information Technology does not play any significant role in the activities and operations of Small and Medium Scale Enterprises (SMEs).
H1 - That Information Technology plays significant role in the activities and operations of Small and Medium Scale Enterprises (SMEs).

HYPOTHESIS (2)
H0 - That Information Technology has not impacted positively on the managerial practice of SMEs.
H1 - That Information Technology has impacted positively on the managerial practice of SMEs.

HYPOTHESIS (3)
H0 - That Information Technology has not improved the performance of SMEs.
H1 - That Information Technology has improved the performance of SMEs.

RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
Explanatory research methodology shall be adopted in this project. This is because a study of this nature requires a wide collection of opinions on the subject matter and one of the ways of achieving this is through administration of questionnaires. As such, self-administered questionnaire shall be used to gather all relevant information on the subject matter.

The respondents shall cut across different departments of CardCentre Nigeria Limited. It also cuts across all the levels of organizational hierarchy to include senior and junior staffs. All these people shall be included in order to have a representation of all shades of opinions. The data that would be gathered through the questionnaire would be analysed using tables, charts, and simple percentage while the hypotheses shall be tested using chi-square statistical method.

SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
Besides finance, there are other critical elements that are germane to the survival and competitiveness of Small and Medium Scale enterprises (SMEs). One of such factor is Information Technology. This study is significant because it would help to evaluate the role of Information Technology in the activities and operations of a vital segment of the real sector – Small and Medium Scale enterprises (SMEs), which have been identified as having very high potential in promoting economic growth and development.

While several studies had been conducted on the relevance of Information Technology to large firms, to the best of my knowledge, no study has been conducted on the relevance of same to Small and Medium Scale Enterprises especially in Nigeria. Therefore, this study would strive to bridge this research gap by establishing the link between the adoption of Information Technology and the managerial efficiency of Small and Medium Scale Enterprises.

SCOPE OF THE STUDY
Information Technology is the multi-disciplinary study of the collection, processing and storage of data; of the use of information by individuals and groups, especially within an organisational context; and of the impact, implications and management of artefacts and technologies applied to those activities. It is therefore evident that the scope of the Information Technology is broad, and encompasses both organisational and technical matters.

This study shall focus on the extent to which Information Technology (IT) is relevant to the management of Small and Medium Scale Enterprises in Nigeria. This study shall not be restricted to the book-keeping and accounting aspects of Information Technology but shall also cover its relevance to planning and forecasting, marketing, decision-making etc.
Most of the information and data needed for the study would be gathered from existing literature and from a survey that would be conducted among selected staff of Card Centre Nigeria Limited a card manufacturing company located in Victoria Island in Lagos State.

PLAN OF THE STUDY
This project shall be divided into five chapters. The first chapter provides the background of the subject matter justifying the need for the study. Chapter two shall present related literature concerning the adoption of Information Technology and other related issues. The chapter shall also discuss the relevant technology theories.
The research methodology, which includes the research design, sampling design, technique of data analysis etc shall be stated in chapter three while data presentation and analysis shall be made in chapter four. Concluding comments in chapter five shall reflect on the summary, conclusion and recommendations based on the findings of the study.


REFERENCES
Amudo A. and Inanga E. L. (2009) Evaluation of Internal Control Systems: A Case Study from Uganda. International Research Journal of Finance and Economics. Issue 27, pp. 124-144.

Gottschalk P. (2002) Toward a Model of Growth Stages for Knowledge Management Technology in Law Firms. Informing Science. 5(2), pp. 79-93.

Olorunshola J. A. (2003) Problems and Prospects of Small and Medium-Scale Industries in Nigeria. In: Small and Medium Industries Equity Investments Scheme (SMIEIS). Lagos: Central Bank of Nigeria.

Qawasmeh F. M. and Bataineh M. T. (2010) The Impact of Technological Choices on Competitive Strategy: Orange Jordan as a Case Study. American Journal of Scientific Research. Issue 9, pp. 30-46.

Udechukwu, F. (2003) Survey of Small and Medium Scale Industries and their potentials in Nigeria. In: Small and Medium Industries Equity Investments Scheme (SMIEIS). Lagos: Central Bank of Nigeria.

PROJECT PROPERTIES
Project Status
Available
Number of Chapters
5
Number of Pages
74
Number of Words
10,265
Number of References
27
Project Level
B.Sc.
Price
N10,000 - Ten Thousand Naira (Non-Negotiable)
Abstract, and Sample of Questionnaire are included
How to Pay for this Project . . . .CLICK HERE

Keywords: information technology, small and medium scale enterprises, management

 

 

 

CONTACT CHANNELS

 E-mail: projectfaculty@yahoo.com OR projectfaculty@gmail.com OR mail us here

 

FRAUD ALERT
BEWARE OF FRAUDULENT PROJECT SITES!
Anyone that claims to be our agent/representative is a fraudster. Pay directly to ONLY our company's accounts NOT TO ANY INDIVIDUAL!
If we fail to send this project to you after payment, report to the bank you paid to, the Police and the EFCC with our Account Name and Account Number.