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TOPIC : THE ROLE OF TRADE UNION IN MANPOWER DEVELOPMENT CASE STUDY OF NIGERIAN
LABOUR UNION (NLC)
OF THE STUDY
Manpower development has been one of the fundamental
issues that have consistently attracted the interest
and concern of succeeding government in Nigeria since
independence. The Federal Government of Nigeria (1981)
realised that if independence was to have meaningful
impact on the general well being of its citizen, it
must be complemented promptly and definitely by a rapid
transformation of the economy to achieve self-reliance.
The initial effort of achieving rapid national development
were concentrated on the expansion of formal education
institution at all levels, and the product were expected
to have acquired the skills, knowledge attitude to meet
the needs of the vital sector of the economy.
It has been established that the greatest assets of
a nation are its human resources (men and women, old
and young) who are capable of participating in productive
labour, capable, natural resources, international trade
etc. It become increasingly clear, in government, industry
and commerce that economic growth and economic advancement
of the country required the services of trained workers
and professionals who possesses technological skills
and or executive capacity to provide specialized services
of all sorts.
Most nations today are development conscious. The less
developed countries are in a state of war against poverty,
ill health, ignorance and dominance by stronger nations.
They are no longer willing to entrust their future exclusively
to the forces of colonial masters. Even the advance
nations are committed to growth, and the more rapid
the better. These advance nations are reaching the greater
achievement like exploring the outer space and other
plants. This universal quest for growth is motivated
by rising aspirations for economic, social and political
progress and it is based upon the optimistic conviction
than man, in this age science can move forward by leaps
instead of steps.
In essence, the difference in levels of economic development
of countries is largely a reflection of the difference
in the quality of human resource. The key element in
this proposition is that the values, attitudes, general
orientation and quality of the people of a country determine
its economic development. The shift from manufacturing
to service and the increasing pace of technological
change are making human resources the crucial ingredient
top the nations well being and growth. And in service-oriented
industries like banks and railways, the quality, quantity
and utilization of human resource become more important.
A nation with
abundance of physical resources will not benefit unless
resources make use of them. Hence, human resources are
solely responsible of making use of natural resources
and for the Transformation of traditional economies
into the modern and industrial economies. Lack of organization
of human resources is largely responsible in the backwardness
of a nation. Countries are underdeveloped because their
people are underdeveloped. Doubtlessly, the most significant
resource of any organization is often said to be the
people. Such claims appear in organizational annual
report mission statement.
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM
The cruel nature of Nigerian entrepreneurs have over
the years reflected on their emphasis on high profitability
without due consideration of the training of the employee
that will make this possible. This is readily noticed
in the Nigeria banking industry where the employees’
private lives are jeopardized in the course of trying
to meet the high demands and targets of the management.
Young university graduates who are ignorant of what
is happening in the industry often fall in this trap
and the economy is not helping matters in any way.
This study is designed to evaluate the activities of
the trade union as an alternative avenue for manpower
development in the country. It’s high time the
problem of poor manpower development is visited and
a lasting solution provided.
OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY
The objective of this study can be stated as follows:
1. To highlight and justify the efficacy of the role
of Nigeria Labour Congress (NLC) in manpower development
2. To evaluate the contribution of Nigeria Labour Congress
to Nigeria Economy.
3. To identify the problems associated with Manpower
Development in Nigeria.
4. To justify the need for an active Manpower Policy
The questions for this research are
(i) What impact does active unionism has on the working
condition of workers in Nigeria?
(ii) What role does the operation of the trade union
play in the national development of Nigeria?
(iii) Does the operation of trade union affect the political
stability of Nigeria?
(iv) How does economic recession affect the survival
of industries vis-à-vis vibrant unionism in Nigeria?
OF THE STUDY
The significance of this research work is to evaluate
and analysis the contribution of Trade Union to Manpower
Development in Nigeria. It is hoped that it would contribute
to the promotion of the existing frontier or boundary
between human knowledge and the role of trade unions
in the development of manpower.
Survey research method shall be used to gather information
from respondents concerning their opinions on manpower
development in Nigeria with reference to the role of
Nigeria Labour Congress (NLC). The questionnaire to
be used shall be carefully administered and a total
of one hundred (100) people would be selected, for the
purpose of this analysis. The sampling shall be done
randomly so that the respondents shall cut across different
works of life in Lagos State. This could to some extent
give a basis for generalisation.
The data, which would be collected from the questionnaire,
will be analysed using the simple percentage method
and chi-square, goodness of fit. This will make the
analysis of the data more concise and simple.
STATEMENT OF HYPOTHESES
1a Ho : That active Unionism could not lead to better
conditions of service among workers
b Ha : That active Unionism could lead to better condition
of service among workers
2a Ho : That provision of training programme does not
contribute to good quality Manpower in the economy.
b Ha : That provision of Training programmes contribute
to good quality Manpower in the economy.
3a Ho : Voluntary membership by workers could not affect
the effectiveness of Unionism.
b Ha : Voluntary membership by workers affect the effectiveness
4a Ho : That economic recession does not affect survival
of industries vis-à-vis vibrant Unionism in Nigeria.
b Ha : That economic recession affect the survival of
industries vis-à-vis vibrant Unionism in Nigeria.
OF THE STUDY
The scope of this study will be limited to the role,
which the Labour union plays in manpower development
in Nigeria. The research work will be so limited because
of the limited availability of data and time. It will
also cover some of the publications of the Nigerian
This research work will be divided into five chapters.
The first chapter will be introduction. Chapter two
will focus on the literature review and theoretical
framework on the role of trade union in the development
of Manpower in Nigeria.
The third Chapter will be based on the research methodology
to be adopted in the study
Chapter four would comprise the estimation and analysis
of data while the final chapter, which is chapter five,
comprises the summary of findings, conclusion, and recommendation
and suggestion for future studies.
Akpala, Agwu (1991): Principles of Management –
A Nigerian Approach, Fourth Dimension Publishers Ltd.
(1975) ed: Principles and Practices of Management, London:
Longman Publishing Co. Ltd.
(1975): Management, London: Heinemann Publishing Co.
Huber, G.P. (1980):
Managerial Decision-Making, Scott Foresman Glenview.
(1976): Management Principles Co. Inc., New York.
C. Klekamp and David W. Geeding (1977): Principles and
Practices of Management, New York: John Wiley &
- Ten Thousand Naira (Non-Negotiable)
Abstract, Questionnaire Sample are included
development in nigeria, trade union jobs, human resource
management, human resources jobs, human resources training,
human resource management jobs, role of human resources,
human resource management training, human resources
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