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PROJECT TOPIC  : THE ROLE OF CAPITAL MARKET IN ECONOMIC GROWTH OF NIGERIA (1986 - 2012)

PROJECT PROPOSAL

BACKGROUND OF STUDY
The capital market is a highly specialized and organized financial market and indeed essential agent of economic growth and development (Odetayo and Sajuyigbe, 2012; Okoye and Nwisienyi, 2013) because of its ability to facilitate and mobilize saving and investment (Okodua and Ewetan, 2013; Donwa and Odia, 2010). Adeusi, et al. (2013) opine that capital market is a driver or lubricant that keep turning the wheel of the economy to growth and development because of its imperative function of not just mobilizing long term funds and channelling them to productive investment but also efficiently allocating these funds to projects of best returns to fund owners.

To a great extent, the positive relationship between capital accumulation and real economic growth has long been affirmed in economic theories (Anyanwu, 1996; Osamwonyi and Kasimu, 2013). Success in capital accumulation and mobilization for development varies among nations, but it is largely dependent on domestic savings and inflows of foreign capital (Osamwonyi and Kasimu, 2013; Okoye and Nwisienyi, 2013). Therefore, to arrest the menace of the current economic downturn, effort must be geared towards effective resource mobilization. It is in realization of this that consideration is given to measure for the development of capital market as an institution for the mobilization of finance from the surplus sectors to the deficit sectors (Adeusi, et al. 2013).

The development of capital market in Nigeria, as in other developing countries, has been induced and fostered by the government. Though, prior to the establishment of stock market in Nigeria, there existed some less formal market arrangements for the operation of capital market. It was not prominent until the visit of Mr. J. B. Lobynesion in 1959, on the invitation of the Federal government, to advice on the role the Central Bank could play in the development of local money and capital market. As a follow-up to this, the government commissioned and a set up the Barback Committee to study and make recommendations on the ways and means of establishing a stock market in Nigeria as a formal capital market. Acting on the recommendation of the committee, the Lagos Stock Exchange (as it was called then) was set-up in March 1960, and in September 1961, it was incorporated under Section 2 cap 37, through the collaborative effort of Central Bank of Nigeria, the Business Community and Industrial Development Bank (Alile and Anao, 1986).

With the establishment of the Central Bank of Nigeria in 1959 and the coming into existence of the Lagos Stock Exchange in 1961 and Subsequently, the Nigeria Stock Exchange by an Act in 1979, a sound foundation was laid for the operation of the Nigerian Capital Market for trading in securities of long term nature needed for the financing of the industrial sector and the economy at large. After the incorporation of the Lagos Stock Exchange, it was granted further protection under the law and its activities was placed under some sort of control by the government, hence the passing of the Lagos Stock Exchange Act. However, the Lagos Stock Exchange was only operational in Lagos. By the mid 70’s, the need for an efficient financial system for the whole nation was emphasized, and a review by the government of the operations of the Lagos Stock Exchange market was advocated. The review was carried out to take care of the low capital formation, the huge amount of currency in circulation which were held outside the banking system, the unsatisfactory demarcation between the operation of Commercial Banks and the emerging class of the Merchant Banks, and the extremely shallow depth of the capital market.

In response to the problems mentioned above, the government accepted the principle of decentralization but opted for a National Stock Exchange, which will have branches in different parts of the country. On December 2nd 1977, the memorandum and article of association creating the Lagos Stock Exchange was transformed into the Nigerian Stock Exchange, with branches in Lagos, Kaduna, Port-Harcourt and now in Federal Capital Territory (FCT) Abuja some other cities. The history of Nigeria Capital Market could be traced to 1946 when the British colonial administration floated a N600,000 local loan stock bearing interest at 3¼% for the financing of developmental projects under the Ten-Years Plan Local Ordinance. The loan stock, which had a maturity of 10-15 years, was oversubscribed by more than N1 million, yet local participation of the issued was terribly poor.

Owolabi and Ajayi (2013) posit that the links between saving, capital formation and economic growth on the one hand and direction of causality on the other, still remain subject to further analysis across countries stressing that accepting that the relationship is unidirectional (i.e. moving from savings to investment and hence to economic growth) may be misleading. Therefore, this project work will examine the role of the capital market in harnessing and mobilizing these resources to generate economic growth in the country and consequently, economic development.

STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
There is abundant evidence that most Nigerian businesses lack long-term capital. According to Donwa and Odia (2010), the paucity of long-term capital has posed the greatest predicament to economic development in most African countries including Nigeria. The business sector has depended mainly on short-term financing such as overdrafts to finance even long-term capital. Based on the maturity matching concept, such financing is risky. All such firms need to raise an appropriate mix of short- and long-term capital (Demirguc-Kunt and Levine 1996).

Most recent literatures on the Nigeria capital market have recognised the tremendous performance the market has recorded in recent times. However, the vital role of the capital market in economic growth and development has not been comprehensively investigated thereby creating a research gap in this area. This study is undertaken to examine the contribution of the capital market in the Nigerian economic growth and development. Aside the social and institutional factors inhibiting the process of economic development in Nigeria, the bottleneck created by the dearth of finance to the economy constitutes a major setback to its development. As a result, it is necessary to evaluate the Nigerian capital market.

OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY
The broad objective of this study is to examine the activities and performance of Nigerian capital market.
The specific objectives of the study are as follows:
1. To evaluate the performance of the capital market in relation to the economic growth in Nigeria;
2. To examine the operations of the Nigerian capital market;
3. To examine the rate at which new stocks are issued on the capital market.
4. To make recommendations as to how the operations of the market could be improve to boost economic growth and development of Nigeria.

RESEARCH QUESTIONS AND HYPOTHESIS
This research shall be guided by the following research questions:
1. How does the capital market impact on the economic growth and development process in Nigeria?
2. What is the trend of trading activities on the Capital Market?
3. What is rate at which new stocks are issued on the Nigerian capital market?
4. How could the capital market through its crucial role stimulate economic growth in Nigeria?

STATEMENT OF HYPOTHESIS
The hypothesis that would be tested in the course of this research is stated below as:
H0: That the capital market operations have not contributed to Nigerian economic growth.

SOURCES OF DATA AND BRIEF METHODOLOGY
The data for this study would be obtained mainly from secondary sources, particularly from Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) publications and that of the Federal Office of Statistics and relevant journals, textbooks and financial newspapers. The data to be collected include: Gross Domestic Product, market capitalisation, All-Share index, market volume and market turnover.

The research work will make use of the econometric procedure in estimating the relationship between capital market operations and Nigerian economic growth. The Ordinary Least Square (OLS) technique will be employed in obtaining the numerical estimates of the coefficients in the model formulated below. The OLS method is chosen because it possesses some optimal properties; its computational procedure is fairly simple and it is also an essential component of most other estimation techniques. The estimation period will cover 1986 through 2012 due to the non-availability of some important data.

SCOPE OF THE STUDY
The economy is a large component with lot of diverse and sometimes complex parts; this research work will only look at a particular part of the economy (the financial sector). This work will not cover all the facets that make up the financial sector, but shall focus only on the capital market and its activities as it impacts on the Nigerian economic growth. The empirical investigation of the impact of the capital market on the economic growth in Nigeria shall be restricted to the period between 1986 and 2012 due to the non-availability of some important data.

SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
The study will explore the impact or effectiveness of capital market instruments on Nigerian economic growth. Though the scope of study will be limited to the capital market, it is hoped that the exploration of this market will provide a broad view of the operations of the capital market. It will contribute to existing literature on the subject matter by investigating empirically the role, which the capital market plays in the economic growth and development of the country. The main importance of this study is that it will provide policy recommendations to policy-makers on ways to improve operations and activities of the capital market.

PLAN OF THE STUDY
The study shall commences by providing a background of the subject matter justifying the need for the study in chapter one. Chapter two shall present related literature concerning the role of capital market in economic growth and development. The chapter shall also present the theoretical framework for the study. The research methodology shall then be outlined in chapter three while the chapter four focuses on the data presentation and analysis. Concluding comments in chapter five shall reflect on the summary, conclusion and recommendations.


REFERENCES
Adeusi, S. O.; Sulaiman, L. A. and Azeez, B. A. (2013) “Impact of Capital Market Development on the Nigerian Economy: A Post-SAP Analysis”. Journal of Economics and Behavioral Studies. Vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 1-7.
Anyanwu, J. C. (1996) Monetary Economics: Theory, Policy and Institutions. Lagos: Hybrid publishers limited.
Alile, H. I. and Anao, R. A. (1986) The Nigerian Stock Market in Operation. Lagos: Jeromelaiho and Associate Limited.
Demirgüç-Kunt, A. and Levine, R. (1996) “Stock Market, Corporate Finance and Economic Growth: An Overview”. The World Bank Review. Vol. 10, no. 2, pp. 223-239.
Donwa, P. and Odia, J. (2010) “An Empirical Analysis of the Impact of the Nigerian Capital Market on Her Socio-economic Development”. Journal of Social Sciences. Vol. 24, no. 2, pp. 135-142.
Odetayo, T. A. and Sajuyigbe, A. S. (2012) “Impact of Nigerian Capital Market on Economic Growth and Development”. International Journal of Arts and Commerce. Vol. 1, no. 5, pp. 1-8.
Okodua, H. and Ewetan, O. O. (2013) “Stock Market Performance and Sustainable Economic Growth in Nigeria: A Bounds Testing Co-integration Approach”. Journal of Sustainable Development. Vol. 6, no. 8, pp. 84-92.
Okoye, V. O. and Nwisienyi, K. J. (2013) “The capital market contributions towards economic growth and development; the Nigerian experience”. Global Advanced Research Journal of Management and Business Studies. Vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 120-125.
Osamwonyi, I. O. and Kasimu, A. (2013) “Stock Market and Economic Growth in Ghana, Kenya and Nigeria”. International Journal of Financial Research. Vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 83-98.
Owolabi, A. and Ajayi, N. O. (2013) “Econometrics Analysis of Impact of Capital Market on Economic Growth in Nigeria (1971-2010)”. Asian Economic and Financial Review. Vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 99-110.


PROJECT PROPERTIES
Project Status
Available
Number of Chapters
5
Number of Pages
123
Number of Words
12,170
Number of References
64
Project Level
B.Sc.
Price
N10,000 (Non-Negotiable)
Abstract, Regression Data and Results are included
How to Pay for this Project . . . .CLICK HERE

Keywords: nigeria capital market, raising capital, stock exchange nigeria, lagos stock exchange, stock exchange in nigeria, risk management in capital market, venture capital market, capital spread betting, business capital investment, venture capital, forex capital markets, business capital, capital funding, small business capital

 

 

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